Treaty of Gandamak and more

1763 Samuel Johnson 1st meets his future biographer James Boswell in London

The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography describes Johnson as “arguably the most distinguished man of letters in English history”. He was an English writer. The book is valued as both, an important source of information on Johnson and his times, as well as an important work of literature.

1792 Denmark abolishes slave trade

 Approximately, 85,000 slaves were carried from West Africa across the Atlantic on ships flying the Danish flag. The law to abolish the transatlantic slave trade in Denmark was made in 1792 which came into effect on 1 January 1803.

1879 The Treaty of Gandamak between Russia and England sets up the Afghan state

The Treaty of Gandamak was signed to officially end the first phase of the Second Anglo-Afghan war. The treaty was officially signed on 29 May, 1879. Most of the historical writings consider the Treaty of Gandamak as the prelude to the second phase of the Second Anglo-Afghan War, 1879–1880.

1920 Joan of Arc is canonized in Rome

Joan of Arc, born in a peasant family in northeast France, was formally canonized as a saint of the Roman Catholic Church on 16 May 1920 by Pope Benedict XV, which concluded the canonization process that the Sacred Congregation of Rites instigated after a petition of 1869 of the French Catholic hierarchy. She believed that God had chosen her to lead France to victory in its long-running war with England.

1928 The first Academy Awards are held in Hollywood

The first Academy Awards were presented by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences to honor the best films of 1927 and 1928. It was held at the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel in Los Angeles, California. The show was hosted by Douglas Fairbanks, the President of AMPAS.

1963 Gordon Cooper returns to Earth, ending the last mission of Project Mercury.

On May 15-16, Gordon Cooper completed the sixth and the last one of the Mercury crewed spaceflights after circling/orbiting the Earth 22 times. He was the first American astronaut to take a nap in space and the last one to take part in a solo orbital mission.

2013 Human stem cells are successfully cloned

This was a biomedical revolution. An international team of scientists announced on 16 May 2013 that for the first time ever, they were able to create new human stem cells by cloning older, fully mature human cells. It allows cells to be grown to fit specific functions within an individual’s body — resulting in new, patient-specific liver cells or heart cells that actually pulse on their own, for example.

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