V-E stands for Victory in Europe Day. World War II in Europe ended twice. On 7 May 1945, in a small red brick schoolhouse in the French town of Reims, German representative Alfred Jodl signed the instrument of unconditional surrender on behalf of the Nazi High Command. Representatives from the US, UK, and USSR signed on behalf of the Allies. On 8 May, there was a formal acceptance by the Allies of World War II of Nazi Germany’s unconditional surrender of its armed forces on Tuesday, 8 May 1945, marking the end of World War II in Europe.
English parliament declares Charles Stuart to be King Charles II of England. Charles II was the king of Great Britain and Ireland from 1660 to 1685. He was restored to thrown after years of exile during the Puritan Commonwealth. His political adaptability and his knowledge of men enabled him to steer his country through the convolutions of the struggle between Anglicans, Catholics, and Dissenters that marked much of his reign.
Greeks defeat the Turks in Gravia
During the Greek War of Independence, The Greek leader, Odysseas Androutsos, with a group of 120 men repulsed an Ottoman army numbering 10,000 men and artillery under the command of Omer Vrioni. This attack is considered important to the outcome of the Greek revolution because it forced Omer Vrioni to retreat, leaving the Greeks to consolidate their gains in the Peloponnese and capture the Ottoman capital of the Peloponnese, Tripoli.
John Brown held the antislavery convention.
On May 8, 1858, John Brown, Martin Delany and many others gathered for a Constitutional Convention in Chatham, Canada. They adopted a, provisional constitution and ordinances for the people of the United States. Brown’s actions as an abolitionist and the tactics he used still make him a controversial figure today. He is both memorialized as a heroic martyr and visionary.
Mahatma Gandhi begins a 21-day fast in protest against British oppression in India
This was a fast of self-purification to help the Harijan movement and to protest against the British government’s decision to separate India’s electoral system by caste. This was the third anti-touchability fast for the improvement of Harijans’ condition.
Dracula film released
“Dracula” film starring Christopher Lee as the eponymous vampire, directed by Terence Fisher is the first Hammar Horror film released. This film earned $3,500,000 worldwide. In the movie, Dracula travels to another city when he is attacked by Jonathan Harker. Dracula attacks the family of Harker’s fiancee and the only person who can protect them is Dr. Van Helsing.
In 1980, following a historic global campaign of surveillance and vaccination, the World Health Assembly declared smallpox eradicated – the only infectious disease to achieve this distinction. The last naturally occurring case was diagnosed in October, 1977, and the WHO certified the global eradication of the disease in 1980.
Non-participation of the Soviet Union in Los Angeles Summer Olympics
The Soviet Union announces it will not participate in Los Angeles Summer Olympics in retaliation for the American boycott of the 1980 Moscow Olympics, claiming that its athletes will not be safe from protests and possible physical attacks. This was the largest Olympic Games boycott ever.