Reconstruction in the South begins with black voter registration.
The following March, again over Johnson’s veto, Congress passed the Reconstruction Act of 1867, which temporarily divided the South into five military districts and outlined how governments based on universal (male) suffrage were to be organized.
President Rutherford B. Hayes withdraws all Federal troops from the South, ending Reconstruction.
It resulted in the United States federal government pulling the last troops out of the South, and formally ending the Reconstruction Era. Through the Compromise, Republican Rutherford B. As president, Hayes removed the remaining troops from South Carolina and Louisiana.
The U.S. Navy under Commodore George Dewey defeats the Spanish fleet at the Battle of Manila Bay in the Philippines.
Manila Bay was the western terminus of the Manila–Acapulco “galleon trade” between 1593 and 1815. The decisive naval battle of the Spanish-American War, the Battle of Manila Bay, took place there on May 1, 1898, when Commodore George Dewey’s U.S. fleet destroyed the Spanish fleet off Cavite.
The Empire State Building opens in New York.
It was constructed during a race to create the world’s tallest building. In the late-1920s, as New York’s economy boomed like never before, builders were in a mad dash to erect the world’s largest skyscraper.
President Franklin Roosevelt signs an act of neutrality, keeping the United States out of World War II.
The Neutrality Act of 1937 did contain one important concession to Roosevelt: belligerent nations were allowed, at the discretion of the President, to acquire any items except arms from the United States, so long as they immediately paid for such items and carried them on non-American ships.
Gwendolyn Brooks becomes the first African American to win the Pulitzer Prize for her book of poetry called Annie Allen.
Brooks won the Pulitzer Prize in poetry for Annie Allen, making her the first African American to win the coveted Pulitzer. Other honors received throughout her lifetime include Poetry magazine’s Eunice Tietjens Prize. In the early 1960s, Brooks embarked on a teaching career as an instructor of creative writing.