1779: The War of Bavarian Succession ends
The War of Bavarian, beginning in 1778 was a dispute between the Austrian Habsburg Monarchy and an alliance of Saxony and Prussia over succession to the Electorate of Bavaria after the extinction of its ruling House of Wittelsbach.
1830: Republic of Ecuador is founded
Ecuador is a country in South America, which was separated from Gran Colombia and became an independent republic. It was founded in 1830 with Juan Jose Flores as president
1934: Great dustbowl storm sweeps across US prairies
A massive storm, known as a dustbowl storm sent millions of tons of topsoil flying from across the plains of the United States. It was a period of severe dust storms that greatly damages the ecology and agriculture of the American and Canadian prairies.
1846: The United States declares war on Mexico after fighting has already begun
In 1846, after Polk ordered General Taylor’s troops into what the U.S. claimed was disputed territory, Mexican forces attacked a U.S. Army outpost, killing 12 U.S. soldiers and capturing 52. Polk cited this attack as an invasion of U.S. territory and requested that Congress declare war.
1861: Britain declares its neutrality in the American Civil War
Queen Victoria issued the proclamation of neutrality stating that the Government of Great Britain would remain formally neutral in the United States’ domestic affairs for the remainder of the war, and instructed British citizens to observe this neutrality.
1888: Slavery is abolished in Brazil
In the Western World, Brazil was the last country to abolish slavery. By the time it was abolished, an estimated four million slaves had been imported from Africa to Brazil, 40% of the total number of slaves brought to the Americas. Slavery was abolished after years of campaigning by Emperor Pedro II.
1950: First ever race of the Formula 1 World Drivers’ Championship
It was run at Silverstone, England, and won by Giuseppe Farina of Italy in an Alfa Romeo. The first driver to win multiple Championships was Alberto Ascari, in 1952 and 1953. The current Drivers’ Champion is Lewis Hamilton who won his sixth title in 2019.
1989: Approximately 2,000 students begin a hunger strike in Tiananmen Square, China
The basic agenda of this strike was to occupy and block the square before Gorbachev’s arrival. The students, in their manifesto, said, “We are doing this to protest the government’s indifference to the student demonstrations, to protest the government’s failure to enter into a dialogue with students and to protest the government’s unfair characterization of the student democratic movement as “turmoil” and the further distortion of it in newspaper coverage. We request an immediate and equal dialogue of substance between the government and the students and an acknowledgment by the government of the legitimacy of the student democratic movement. Time of the hunger strike: Begins at 2:00 P.M., May 13, 1989. Place of the hunger strike: Tiananmen Square.”
2004: The final episode of “Frasier” on NBC is watched by 33 million people
Basically, Frasier is an American sitcom television series that was broadcast on NBC for 11 seasons, premiering in September, 1993. On May 13, 2004, 33 million people tuned in to watch the Frasier series finale, “Goodnight, Seattle.” That was a big month for series finales, as Friends had concluded just one week prior. The series was concluding on May 13, 2004.