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Today In History – May 12th, Tule River War and more

1851: The Tule River War ends

A treaty was signed with the local tribes in 1851, one of eighteen such treaties signed state-wide, setting aside seven and a half percent of California’s land area, defining a proposed reservation and two hundred head of cattle per year

1926: The Airship Norge became the first vessel to fly over the North Pole

In May of 1926 a group of sixteen fearless adventurers boarded a small dirigible to fly over the North Pole. The audacious journey would be the first-ever flight from the European continent to the American continent over the Arctic ice cap. The tiny lighter-than-air craft they piloted they named the Norge.

1940: The Nazi conquest of France begins with the crossing Meuse River

In six weeks, Nazi Germany conquered Belgium, Netherlands, and Luxembourg adding these countries to their third Reich. German General Guderian with his three divisions had successfully reached Meuse River. The French believed it would take 4 days to cross the Meuse River, but German engineer’s determination even under fire completed the bridgehead at Dinant, Montherme, and Sedan in just 24 hours.

1943: Axis forces in North Africa surrender

On surrendering, they yielded over 275,000 prisoners of war. The last Axis force to surrender in North Africa was the first Italian army. This huge loss of experienced troops greatly reduced the military capacity of the Axis powers, although the largest percentage of Axis troops escaped Tunisia.

1949: The Berlin Blockade ends

This war started in 1948 on 24 June. It was one of the first major international crises of the Cold War. The blockade was lifted and West Berlin remained under the control of Western Allies. The Berlin Blockade was an attempt in 1948 by the Soviet Union to limit the ability of the United States, Great Britain and France to travel to their sectors of Berlin, which lay within Russian-occupied East Germany.

2008: Wenchuan earthquake

It measured 7.8 in magnitude, occurred in Sichuan, China, killing over 87,000, injuring 374,643, and leaving homeless between 4.8 million and 11 million people. It occurred at 14:28:01 China Standard Time.

 

 

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