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Today in History – April 27th Battle of Dunbar, Tea Act, Independence and many more

1296

The Scots defeated by Edward I at the Battle of Dunbar.

The battle of Dunbar was a part of the first war of Scottish Independence. King Edward I of England invaded Scotland to punish King John Balliol for not supporting English military action in France. The two forces came in sight of each other on 27 April and over ten thousand scots died at this battle and the war effectively ended with English victory.

 

1565

The first Spanish settlement in the Philippines established in Cebu City.

Cebu city, in south-central Philippines, is one of the largest cities with a bustling port. On April 27, 1565,  Miguel López de Legazpi and the friar Andrés de Urdaneta found the first-ever Spanish settlement in the Philippine archipelago and for six years Cebu remained the Spanish colonial capital. The city still retains the flavor of its Spanish heritage.

 

1773

The unpopular Tea Act passed by the British parliament.

On April 27, the British parliament passed the Tea Act that was designed to save East India Company from bankruptcy by decreasing the tea tax paid by it to the British Government. After it took effect, even the untaxed Dutch tea entering in colonies through smuggling became more expensive than the East India tea. Colonists viewed this act as taxation tyranny and showed outrage by forming the Boston Tea party.

 

1813

Battle of York

It was fought on 27th April, 1813 in York that is present-day Toronto, the capital province of Upper Canada during War of 1812. The Americans captured the town, fort and dockyard but suffered heavy casualties. They had a clear victory yet it was not a decisive strategic result.

 

1861

President Abraham Lincoln suspended the writ of habeas corpus.

Abraham Lincoln suspended the writ to give military authorities the power they needed to deal with rebels. According to this order, for silencing the dissenters, commanders were then given the power to detain and arrest those who deemed to threaten military operations without arraignment or indictment.

 

1865

The Sultana exploded

A Mississippi River side-wheel steam-powered riverboat named Sultana, caught fire and burnt down after one of its boilers exploded. At least 1,238 of the 2,031 passengers died in this casualty. It was one of the worst maritime disasters in United States history.

 

1961

Sierra Leone got independence.

Sierra Leone is a country on the southwest coast of West Africa. After an armed rebellion named the Hut Tax War of 1898, led by Sierra Leonean people against British rule, the nation finally achieved independence on 27 April 1961.

1978

Afghanistan Revolution

The April Revolution or Saur Revolution was led by People’s Democratic Party of Afghanistan (PDFA) against Afghan President Mohammed Daoud Khan on 27-28 April. Daoud and his family were killed in this war.

1989

Tiananmen Square Protest

On April 27, 50,000-100,000 students marched through streets. They were from different universities of Beijing and they marched all the way to Tiananmen Square. They made their way through the barriers and the lines set up by police and also received widespread support from people. The goal was to end corruption, achieve freedom of speech, freedom of press, freedom of association and the methods they adopted included hunger strike, sit-in yet hundreds of people were killed and thousands were wounded both inside as well as outside the Square.

There is always a little more to learn and a little more to the day than meets the eye!

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