History is something that illuminates the culture and its origin. It also forecasts the awareness and how and when everything evolved and fell into pl
History is something that illuminates the culture and its origin. It also forecasts the awareness and how and when everything evolved and fell into place. It not only helps us trace the origins of the past but also helps us understand it better which leads to an understanding of the present more desirably. We, at Brag Social, try to keep you updated with the happening of past and present through our today column. Let us now read the historical milestones of September 16.
1940 – Selective Service Act passes
Instituting the first peacetime draft in U.S. history, the Congress passes the Selective Service Act, as World War II raged in Europe and Asia. The bill was signed in to law by President Franklin Delano Roosevelt on September 16, 1940, which required males from ages 21 to 36 to register with the resurrected Selective Service System and were made subject to military service. Provisions were officially made for conscientious objectors for the first time which calls for the first peace treaty draft in U.S. history. Between November 1940 and October 1946, some 45 million men registered and more than 10 million were inducted through the Selective Service System.
1975 – Rhodes Scholarships begin offering fellowships to women.
The Rhodes Scholarships are the most famous among the numerous international scholarships. These scholarships are for postgraduate students who intend to study at the University of Oxford. The Rhodes scholarships were initially open only to male students until 1977. In 1975, the Sex Discrimination Act was passed by the parliament, banning discrimination based on sex including in education. After Cecil John Rhodes, the founder of the Rhodes Scholarship died, speculations were made on offering fellowships to women. It was after the passing of the Sex Discrimination Act, that the administrators announced the decision to begin offering fellowships to women. 1977 was the first year when 24 women were selected for the scholarships worldwide, out of 72 scholarships.
1630 – Massachusetts village of Shawmut changes to Boston
The small village of Shawmut, Massachusetts, changes its name to Boston, on September 16, 1630. The village was originally referred to as Shawmut derived from the word in Algonquin meaning “place of clear waters.” The name was also inspired by the patron saint of travellers, Saint Botolph. With its new name, the village on the peninsula settled on 780 acres slowly became a city. Bostonians cleared more than 40 acres of the Common for grazing cattle after four years. Slowly, marketplaces, government buildings, and most importantly, the first tavern came along with rest being history. Englishmen built homes in between the harbour and declared to be a city on the hills.
1975 – Papua New Guinea gains independence from Australia (National Day)
With Sir Michael Somare becoming prime minister, Papua New Guinea gains independence from Australia on September 16, 1975. This day is a public holiday in Papua New Guinea and is popularly called as the National Day. Australian troops occupied German New Guinea during the First World War. The eastern half of the island of New Guinea and its offshore islands in the southwestern Pacific Ocean were occupied by Papua New Guinea. The Portuguese were the first to visit the region, in the first half of the 16th century came the Spanish explorers. They gave the island its name and ports on the island became important staging posts for fishing expeditions but didn’t establish any notable colonies. Papua New Guinea remains a part of the Commonwealth.
1975 – MiG-31 interceptor makes its maiden flight.
The MiG-31 interceptor was a long-range supersonic interceptor aircraft developed principally for the Russian and Kazakhstan Air Forces. The two-seater aircraft was derived from MiG-25 Foxbat. The designer and manufacturer of the MiG-31 were Mikoyan. MiG-31 was efficient enough to work in all weather conditions while fulfilling visual flight rules (VFR) and instrument flight rules (IFR), day and night. On September 16, 1975, the prototype of the MiG-31 interceptor makes its maiden flight. Nearly 500 MiG-31 were produced, delivering 370 to the Russian Air Force and 30 in service with Kazakhstan Air Force. The remaining were sent to several upgrade programmes.
1997- Apple Computer Inc names co-founder Steve Jobs interim CEO
Seven years earlier, Steve Jobs had co-founded Apple with his hacker friend Steve Wozniak. Little did the two teenagers know that the hot company at the dawn was soon to be the giant PC industry. Jobs and Sculley ran Apple as co-CEOs but eventually fell out and took their differences to the board room. The board decided Jobs was too volatile for the lead role and on Sept. 16, 1985, after losing a boardroom battle for control of the company with then-CEO John Sculley. Initially, Jobs was reluctant to take a role at Apple, when the company approached him after firing Amelio, the then CEO, suffering the biggest loss in history. Jobs figured what he wanted and finally, on September 16, 1997, the board announced him as the interim CEO of Apple, naming him the i-CEO. It was the same day when he resigned, that he joined.
Source – https://www.wikipedia.org/