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October 4 – Soviet Union launches Sputnik 1 and more

History on October 4

 

History is not only a time which is gone, but it was also a time where the base of our today’s luxuries lies. History is the starting point of every e

History is not only a time which is gone, but it was also a time where the base of our today’s luxuries lies. History is the starting point of every evolution that we are witnessing today.

Technology is developing into a high-tech technology each and every passing day but today’s technology was just a thought of someone in history and without that thought, there would have nothing called technology.

So, let us celebrate some of the important historical events of today:

 

1537 – Matthew Bible“, the first complete English-language Bible is printed today

Source: wikipedia.com

Miles Coverdale was the person who translated the Bible written in Latin Vulgate and German language to the English language. Later people felt that the Bible written in Greek and Hebrew language was accurate, so a strong need was felt to translate that Bible into the English language so that the accurate Bible can reach more people.

William Tyndale was already translating the Bible to the English language from the Greek and Hebrew languages even before the people felt the need.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

William Tyndale translated most of the Bible but few parts were remaining when he died so John Rogers, a close friend of William Tyndale combined all the published parts of Tyndale’s translated Bible and took the rest of the parts from Coverdale’s Bible and published the Bible named “Matthew Bible”.

1883 – The Orient Express departs on its first official journey 

The orient express was a long-distance train running at that time. Orient Express was not only covering a long distance but it was also a symbol of luxury and royalty of that time.

The orient express was created by Compagnie Internationale des Wagons-Lits (CIWL) as a passenger train in 1883. The endpoints of this train were the two most prominent cities, Paris and Istanbul.

Source: wikipedia.com

1957 – The Soviet Union launches Sputnik 1

Sputnik 1 was launched on October 4, 1957, from Baikonur, Kazakhstan. It was the first artificial satellite launched to elliptical low orbit. This milestone was achieved by the Soviet Union on this auspicious day.

The satellite was monitored by amateur radio across the world. The satellite was taking 96.2 minutes to complete each orbit. Sputnik 1 battery drained out, so it lasted for three weeks in the orbit, and then it orbited silently for two months before falling down on the earth.

1985 – Free Software Foundation founded 

Richard Stallman founded the Free Software Foundation (FSF) on October 4, 1985. This is non-profit cooperation which was founded with the motive to support the free software movement.

The Free Software Foundation was started at the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, United States of America. This movement aimed to promote the universal freedom to distribute and modify computer software without restriction.

2004 – SpaceShipOne, wins the Ansari X Prize for the first non-government organization to successfully launch a reusable manned spacecraft into space.

SpaceShipOne is an experimental air-launched rocket-powered aircraft that has a capacity of running at a speed of 900m/s. It was designed using a hybrid rocket motor.

The SpaceShipOne was designed by Burt Ratan and its manufacturer was Scaled Composites.

2006 – WikiLeaks, created by Internet Activist Julian Assange launched

WikiLeaks is a website and media organization that provides privileged information. WikiLeaks was founded by Julian Assange, an Australian computer programmer.

He was motivated for designing WikiLeaks by the Pentagon Papers of Daniel Ellsberg. On this day of history in 2006, Julian Assange launched WikiLeaks.

 

Reference: wikipedia.com

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