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Novel Coronavirus – Things you should know

WHAT IS COVID-19

A term given to a disease which is caused by a virus named Corona, which is being first occurred in one of the cities of China (Wuhan).  Why is it known as COVID19? To get a deep into it here ‘Co’ stands for Corona, ‘VI’ stands for Virus and ’19’ because it is being first observed in December 2019 in China. Its symptoms are quite normal as flu(influenza), but it is fatal, as still there is no obvious cure for this disease.

Covid-19 effects that respiratory organ of a person by giving them pneumatic symptoms i.e. cough, fever, breathing problem and spread by the respiratory droplets of person whenever he or she sneezes or cough. The virus present in the droplets of the affected person remains there for hours and spread to others in contact. Therefore, it is advised in Covid-19 to maintain a proper social distance.

THINGS TO KNOW ABOUT COVID-19

Is there any prevention available from COVID-19?

Yes, the there are few preventive measures of Covid-19, they include Wash your hands frequently using soap or water or an alcohol-based hand sanitizers, cover mouth and nose with your elbow when coughing or sneezing, avoid close contact with anyone who has cold or flu-like symptoms and seek medical care early if you or your child has a fever, cough or difficulty breathing.

Treatment provided to people infected with COVID-19.

As there is no specific treatment or vaccination for COVID-19 yet, the people diagnosed with the virus are provided with supportive care that helps them breathe.

When will the Coronavirus Vaccine be available?

The first clinical trials of the Coronavirus vaccine are already underway in the US as well as in China. The launch time of vaccines is still unknown.

Which category of people are more prone to the become serious when infected with Coronavirus?

People of old age, people with weak immune system and people with pre-existing medical problems such as diabetes, heart problems, high blood pressure and others are prone to develop serious illness when infected with the virus.

Do face masks really help prevent COVID-19?

The WHO recommends the use of face masks for people infected with the virus or for those who display mild symptoms such as cough and cold with an aim to restrict the spread of droplets. For healthy people or for people who don’t have symptoms, the mask is not required. The face masks alone don’t guarantee protections against COVID-19.

Can a person get infected with Corona-virus twice?

It can’t be clearly answered as Yes or No. However, there have been a few cases of reinfection. A Japanese woman was recently reported to contract the virus again after recovering once.

Does the weather or climate play any role in containing the spread of Corona-virus?

No, the WHO has clarified that the Corona-virus can transmit or spread in all areas including the hot and humid climate. Initially, there have been beliefs that the summers would slowdown the spread of Coronavirus.

When will everything come to normal or for how long the Coronavirus pandemic will last?

There is no clarity on when will the pandemic be rooted out of the world or when will life return to normal.

All information has been sourced through WHO website. For more information visit https://www.who.int/

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