Welcome to another bright day in May. There’s always something or the other happening around the world. The world, being so large, has witnessed infinite inventions, innovations, achievements, and other milestones in the past. You can do something amazing today, and maybe it is something that we write about in Today in History in the coming years. We, at Brag Social, try to keep you updated with all the happenings of the past and present. Let’s read about the historical milestones of May 23.
1618: The Thirty Years War begins
The Thirty Years’ War was fought primarily in central Europe between 1618 and 1648. The battle was started among the Catholic and Protestant states that formed the Holy Roman Empire. However, as the Thirty Years’ War evolved, it became less about religion and more about which group would ultimately govern Europe. The war resulted in the death of 8 million people, including 20%of the German population, which made it one of the most destructive conflicts in human history.
1785: Benjamin Franklin announces his invention of bifocals
This event dates back to 1784 when the eyesight of sir Benjamin Franklin was deteriorated. Franklin suffered from presbyopia. He was tired switching between lenses for far and nearsightedness. In the beginning, two lenses were combined directly resulting in a sharp switch between upper and lower lenses. At the end of the 19th century, Louis de Wecker resolved this problem by fusing the sections of lenses together. Peter Williams, who invented trifocal lenses, coined the term bifocals and credited Benjamin Franklin in 1824.
1915: Italy declares war on Austria-Hungary
This event marked the entry of Italy in World War I on the side of Allies- Britain, France, and Russia. Italy was certainly not prepared for large-scale warfare, and although it managed to mobilize 1.2 million men in the spring of 1915, it possessed equipment for just 732,000.
1949: The Federal Republic of West Germany is proclaimed
In 1949, on the same date, the West German Parliamentary Council met and formally declared the establishment of the Federal Republic of Germany. It existed between 1949 and 1990, when the German reunification took place. The Federal Republic of West Germany was created during the Allied occupation of Germany after World War II.
1958: Mao Zedong starts the “Great Leap Forward” movement in China
This movement was a part of China’s Second Five Year Plan. The Great Leap Forward was an economic and social campaign launched to reconstruct the country from an agrarian economy into a communist society through the formation of people’s communes. The aim of the campaign was to initiate large scale industrialization in the country concentrating not only in the urban areas but also in the rural ones.
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