JULY 12 – Establishment of Confederation of Rhine and more

Our history is a cause of celebration and reflection. It is a source of inspiration. There have been uncountable inventions, innovations, treaties, and other significant events in the past and all of them have something to teach us, to inspire us to keep going and not to stop even if we fail. Start your day with a positive thought. Do something great today and we might publish it in our Daily Column in the years to come.  Let us read the historical milestones of July 12:

1543: England’s King Henry 8th weds Catherine Parr (6th and last wife)

Catherine Parr was the 6th and last spouse of Henry VIII, ruler of England. She was hesitant to wed him—he had his second and fifth spouses executed—yet disapproving of a proposition from the ruler could have had genuine outcomes. She in the end was hitched multiple times, the last to her genuine romance. Parr wedded King Henry VIII on July 12, 1543, four months after her second spouse passed on. As was run of the mill in honorable circles, Parr and Henry had various regular progenitors and were third cousins once expelled in two unique manners.


1580: Ostrong Bible, the first printed Bible in a Slavic language, is published.

The Ostrog Bible was one of the most punctual East Slavic interpretations of the Bible and the primary complete printed release of the Bible in Church Slavonic, distributed in Ostroh, in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth by the printer Ivan Fyodorov in 1581 with the help of the Ruthenian Prince Konstantin Ostrogski. The Ostrog Bibles were imprinted on two dates: 12 July 1580, and 12 August 1581. The subsequent adaptation varies from 1580 unique in composition, ornamentation, and amendment of misprints.


1790: French Revolution: The civil constitution of the Clergy is adopted, putting the Catholic Chruch in France under the control of the state.

Common Constitution of the Clergy, French Constitution Civile Du Clergé, (July 12, 1790), during the French Revolution, was an endeavor to revamp the Roman Catholic Church in France on a national premise. It caused a faction inside the French Church and made numerous sincere Catholics betray the Revolution. The progressive minister Henri Grégoire was the principal French Catholic cleric to make the Obligatory Vow. The measure was restricted at the end of the day submitted to, by King Louis XVI.


1806: The confederation of the Rhine is established in Germany.

On 12 July 1806, on marking the Treaty of the Confederation of the Rhine in Paris, 16 German states combined in a confederation. the “Defender of the Confederation” was a genetic office of the Emperor of the French, Napoleon. On 1 August, the individuals from the confederation officially withdrew from the Holy Roman Empire, and on 6 August, after a final proposal by Napoleon, Francis II proclaimed the Holy Roman Empire broke down. Francis and his Habsburg line proceeded as sovereigns of Austria.


1817: Birthday of Henry David Thoreau, essayist, naturalist and poet (Walden)

Henry David Thoreau (July 12, 1817 – May 6, 1862) was an American writer, artist, and philosopher. The main visionary is,  he is most popular for his book Walden, a reflection upon basic living in regular environmental factors, and his paper “Civil Disobedience” initially distributed as “Resistance to Civil Government”) a contention for rebellion to an out of line state. Thoreau’s books, articles, essays, journals, and poetry amount to more than 20 volumes. He was deeply interested in the idea of survival in the face of hostile elements, historical change, and natural decay; at the same time, he advocated abandoning waste and illusion in order to discover life’s true essential needs.


1943: Russians defeat German forces in the Battle of Prokhorovka, one of the largest ever tank battles.

Debate exists over the outcome of one of the largest ever tank battles, the battle of Prokhorovka. This formed a part of the World War II. The massive armored attack of July 12 exhausted the Germans. But, both sides failed to achieve their objectives.


1954: President Dwight D. Eisenhower proposes an Interstate Highway System.

President Dwight D. Eisenhower proposed the idea of a Highway Development Program stating, “I see…an America where a mighty network of highways spread across our country.” He felt the need for a modern, efficient highway system to meet the needs of the expanding economy, growing population, and national security as well.


1984: Walter Mondale chooses Geraldine Ferraro as his running mate.

Democratic Presidential candidate and former Vice President Walter Mondale selected Geraldine Ferraro as his running mate in the upcoming election. With this event, she became the only Italian-American to be a major-party national nominee, and also the first woman to be so. However, they both were defeated by President Ronald Reagan in his landslide victory.


1997: 23rd Birthday of Malala Yousafzai

Born on July 12, 1997, Malala Yousafzai is a Pakistani activist who works for female education. She became the youngest Nobel Prize laureate when she received the Nobel Peace Prize in 2014. She was born in Mingora, Swat, Pakistan. She has been an employer at BBC Urdu.


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