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A Decade of Disasters

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A Decade of Disasters

Nature's Alarm

The severe natural disasters hitting different parts of the world every year is a sign of nature’s alarm in response to the human’s slumber about extraction and overuse of resources, which leads to factors like global warming and species’ extinction. Nature has caused uncountable tragedies on Earth leading to massive destruction and human death. This is a sign of revenge from nature. Remember, whenever you chop a tree, you are chopping a hand of Mother Earth and she will cry for it. But, her cry would not be an easy one to bear by the human species. Let us have a look at the top natural disasters of the decade.

2010: Haiti Earthquake

Image by Angelo Giordano from Pixabay

Date and Time: January 12, 2010; 4:53 PM

Magnitude: Initial – 7.0, Aftershocks – 5.9, 5.5

Place: Haiti and the Dominican Republic

Number of people affected: 300,000 (as per Haitian Government)

Fatalities: 230,000

Consequences: Localized Tsunami

The Haiti Earthquake occurred on the West Indian Island of Hispaniola which comprises of the two affected countries, Haiti and the Dominican Republic. This island has a history of destructive earthquakes. Out of the two, Haiti was the most severely affected one. Existing poverty and poor housing conditions increased the death toll from the disaster, which, together with the nation’s history of the national debt, foreign intervention into national affairs, and prejudice trade policies by other countries contributed to the economic backwardness of the nation. Communication systems, land, air, and sea transport facilities, electrical networks, and hospitals had been damaged by the earthquake, which hampered rescue and aid efforts; confusion over who was in charge, air traffic congestion, and problems with prioritizing flights further complicated early relief work.

2010: Chile Earthquake

Image by Angelo Giordano from Pixabay

Date and Time: February 27, 2010 3:34 AM

Magnitude: 8.8

Place: Chile

Number of people affected: 2,000,000

Fatalities: 800

Consequences: Tsunami

The earthquake came with a magnitude of 8.8 with intense shaking lasting for about three minutes. It was felt in six Chilean countries that together make up about 80% of the country’s population. The losses to the economy were estimated at US $15-30 billion. The earthquake caused widespread damage to land and initiated a tsunami that devastated some coastal areas of the country. This earthquake triggered a tsunami because the stress brought on by the convergence of the two tectonic plates caused rocks to shatter along the boundary between them which forced a portion of the seabed upward, displacing the water above. The electric grid was in a weakened state due to which many areas endured a week without power following the catastrophe.

2010: Russian Wildfires

Image by 272447 from Pixabay

Date: Late July 2010 – Early September 2010

Burned Area: 300,000 hectares

Fatalities: 54 in wildfires, 55,736 in heatwave

Aftermath: Drought

Buildings Destroyed: 2,000

This disaster in Russia included several hundred wildfires that broke out across the country, mainly in the west in summer 2010. The wildfires started burning in late July and lasted until early September 2010, resulting in a drought. That summer was recorded as the hottest in the country because the fires were associated with record-high temperatures, which were attributed to climate change. As a response, President Dmitry Medvedev declared a state of emergency in seven regions across the country due to the wildfires and 28 other regions were under a state of emergency due to crop failures caused by the drought. The aggregate economic damage caused by the wildfires was estimated to be roughly $15 billion. The smoke from the fires produced heavy smog blanketing large urban areas and the record-breaking heatwave putting stress on the healthcare system of Russia.

2010-2011: Queensland Floods

Image by 733215 from Pixabay

Date: November 2010 – January 2011

Burned Area: 300,000 hectares

Fatalities: approx. 35

People affected: 200,000

Property Destroyed: $2.39 billion

When three eastern states of Australia were affected by floods, Queensland was the worst hit. This flood was one of the worst in the country’s history. Unusually heavy, prolonged, and sometimes torrential rains fell over some parts of Australia for several months in late 2010 and early 2011, making one of the causes behind the flood out of a combination of factors. The trade winds from the Pacific Ocean were also a reason behind this. In the months of November and December, the rainfall was six times higher than the average rainfall in some regions. Agriculture and coal production, two of Queensland’s key economic activities, were severely affected. Because of mine closures and damaged rail lines, the mining and transport of coal were disrupted. The arrival of the Tropical Cyclone Tasha compounded the effects of the flood. At the turn of the year, many towns were either isolated or submerged by water that reached near-record heights.

2011: Japan Earthquake & Tsunami

Image by Tumisu from Pixabay

Date and Time: March 11 2011; 14:46 JST

Magnitude: 9.0

Place: Northeast Japan

Number of people affected: 24,585

Fatalities: 15,897

Consequences: Tsunami

This earthquake is also known as the Great Sendai Earthquake and many other names are given to it like the Great East Japan Earthquake, etc. The event of destruction began with a powerful earthquake of 6 minutes which caused widespread damage on land and initiated a series of large tsunami waves that devastated many coastal areas of the country. Another fact to notice is that the tsunami also instigated a major nuclear accident at a power station along the coast. The affected region also experienced hundreds of aftershocks, dozens of magnitude 6.0 or greater, and some of magnitude 7.0. A report published by the National Police Agency of Japan listed 121,778 buildings as “total collapsed”, with a further 280,926 buildings “half collapsed”, and another 699,180 buildings “partially damaged”. The extensive and severe structural damage caused by the earthquake and tsunami also includes the damage to roads and railways as well as fires in many areas, and a dam collapse. According to the World Bank, this was the costliest natural disaster in history.

2011: New Zealand Earthquake

Image by Angelo Giordano from Pixabay

Date and Time: February 22, 2011; 23:51 UTC

Magnitude: 6.2

Place: Christchurch, New Zealand

Number of people affected: 2000

Fatalities: 185

Consequences: Tsunami

This earthquake was a part of the series of earthquakes from early September 2010 to late December 2011. These were known as Canterbury earthquakes. Its depth and close proximity of Christchurch contributed to substantial shaking, surface cracking, and liquefaction in the city and its surrounding area. Many people were killed outright as structures collapsed and debris fell in the streets, crushing cars and buses as well. One of the worst damages in this event was the collapse of the Canterbury Television building, in the city center, which was razed almost entirely. On February 23, the next day after the quake, the Prime Minister declared a state of national emergency in the affected area. More than 1,000 New Zealand Defence Force personnel led the response, aided by more than 100 members of the Singaporean armed forces. Australia, Singapore, Japan, the United Kingdom, the United States, and other countries also sent hundreds of search-and-rescue workers.

2012: Hurricane Sandy

Source: pixabay.com

Date and Time: October 22–November 2, 2011

Max. Speed of Wind: 115 mph

Place: Eastern United States

Fatalities: 233

Damage: more than $70 billion

Storm’s relentless rainfall and high winds generated flash flooding and coastal storm which killed 147 people and produced widespread property damage in the areas in its path. The fearing factor is that the storm measured more than 900 miles in diameter. At that point of time, it was the most costly natural disaster in U.S. history. In the southern Haiti region, the high winds and torrential rainfall destroyed crops and blew away or washed away thousands of temporary structures that were being used to house refugees from the Haiti Earthquake of 2010. The bulk of storm-related injuries, property damage, and deaths occurred in the United States. A major portion of the population lost electric services and several cities and towns were devastated as a result of the storm. All the modes of transport were put to halt with more than 20,000 flights canceled. the property damage, estimated in the immediate aftermath of the storm, was between $30-50 billion.

2013: Typhoon Haiyan

Image by 272447 from Pixabay

Date and Time: Nov. 3, 2013 – Nov. 11, 2013

Max. Speed of Wind: 195mph – 145mph

Place: Southeast Asia

Fatalities: 6,352

Damage: $2.98 billion

Super Typhoon Haiyan is also known as the Super Tycoon Yolanda in the Philippines. This name was given by the country’s atmospheric sciences agency. This was one of the most powerful storms ever tracked. More than 14 million people were affected by Typhoon Haiyan. This typhoon was preceded with the word ‘super’ because of its high-speed winds. However, wind speed is not the factor that determines the destruction alone, there are some added factors of associated hazards like storm surge, flooding, and tornados. Another fact is that the Philippines is one of the most disaster-prone countries in the world. The typhoon caused an oil spill in Iloilo and unhealthy amounts of benzene in the atmosphere. The country faced a humanitarian crisis days after the typhoon hit with millions of homeless people and more than 6,000,000 displaced.

2014: Ludian Earthquake

Image by Angelo Giordano from Pixabay

Date and Time: 3 August 2014; 08:03 UTC

Magnitude: 6.5

Place: Yunnan, China

Number of people affected: nearly 4,000

Fatalities: 617

Damage: $6 billion

The Ludian Earthquake struck the Ludian country, Yunnan, China with a 6.1 magnitude, killing at least 617 people and injuring at least 2,400 people. Over 12,000 houses were reported as collapsed and 30,000 as damaged. In the vicinity of the epicenter, the earthquake caused significant damage, principally in the city of Zhaotong, where serious structural damages and power outages were reported. In some areas, the roads were blocked due to collapsed buildings. The largest aftershock measured 4.2 magnitudes and there were others with magnitude 3.0, more than nine in number. Till 15 August 2014, Yunnan province had received 536 million Yuan as money in donation and 50 million Yuan as donated goods.

2015: Nepal Earthquake

Source: pxfuel.com

Date and Time: 25 April 2015; 11:56 NST

Magnitude: 7.8

Place: Nepal, China, India, Bangladesh

Number of people affected: 8 million

Fatalities: 8,857 in Nepal

Damage: $10 billion

This earthquake was the deadliest one in the seismically active region in 81 years. It was a 7.8 magnitude earthquake that came toppling multi-story buildings in Kathmandu and creating landslides and avalanches in the Himalayan mountains. 17 days later, there was another major earthquake with a magnitude of 7.3. The main quake was followed by hundreds of aftershocks. 8 million people, about one-third of Nepal’s population, were affected. It accounted for 39 out of the nation’s 75 districts. In the 14 worst-hit districts, more than 600,000 homes were destroyed and 288,000 were damaged. The nine-story Dharahara Tower and the famous Taleju Temple collapsed and filled the streets with bricks and other debris. Humanitarian organizations responded quickly to the disaster with search and rescue teams and immediate aid deliveries.

2016: Ecuador Earthquake

Source: pxfuel.com

Date and Time: 16 April 2016; 18:58 ECT

Magnitude: 7.8

Place: Ecuador, Columbia, Peru

Number of people affected: 16,000

Fatalities: nearly 700

Damage: $2-$3 billion

A magnitude 7.8 earthquake on 16 April, 2016 rocked Ecuador’s coast, injuring 6,000 people. As per estimations, 35,000 houses were destroyed or badly damaged leaving more than 100,000 people in need of shelter. Basic facilities like sanitation, water, and healthcare were destroyed. Located along The Pacific Ring of Fire, Ecuador experiences small earthquakes each year. The maximum force of the earthquake was concentrated in Manta, Pedernales, and Portoviejo. These three regions accounted for 75% of the total casualties. The earthquake was so strong that in some areas, 90% of the infrastructure was destroyed.  A state of emergency was declared by President Rafael Correa. The earthquake was presaged by a magnitude 4.8 foreshock eleven minutes before the main quake struck. It was followed by over fifty-five aftershocks in the next twenty-four hours.

2017: Hurricane Maria

Image by Free-Photos from Pixabay

Date and Time: September 16-October 2, 2017

Max. speed: 175 mph

Place: Dominica, Puerto Rico, St Croix

Fatalities: 3,059

Damage: $91.61 billion

Less than two weeks after Hurricane Irma and a month after Hurricane Harvey, Hurricane Maria hit numerous islands in the Caribbean. The storm doubled its strength in 24 hours on 18 September with sustained winds of 175 mph. The Prime Minister of Dominica, Roosevelt Skerrit called it a “mind-boggling” devastation. This hurricane was the strongest one on record to make landfall in Dominica. The French Island of Guadeloupe experienced widespread power outages after the hurricane. Maria was marked as the strongest hurricane to hit Puerto Rico in more than 80 years. It destroyed roads, bridges, roads and knocked out power across the entire island. Residents lived through water and food shortages water-related disease outbreaks, generators running out of fuel, hospitals and schools closed due to extensive damage, and in the immediate aftermath, lack of access to the banking system. It also hit Caicos, Turks, Haiti, and the Dominican Republic, causing widespread flooding.

2017: Hurricane Harvey

Image by David Mark from Pixabay

Date and Time: August 17– September 2, 2017

Max. speed: 130 mph

Place: Texas and Louisiana

Fatalities: 107

Damage: $125 billion

Hurricane Harvey was a devastating hurricane that made landfall on Texas and Louisiana causing many deaths due to catastrophic flooding. The damage was caused primarily due to rainfall-triggered flooding in the Southeast Texas and Houston metropolitan area. Since Wilma 2005, it was the first major hurricane to make landfall in the U.S., ending a record of 12 years. Harvey was the wettest tropical cyclone on record in the United States. Many areas faced power outrages for a long period due to heavy rain and flooding in the Caribbean and Latin America. The sight witnessed damaged bridges, blocked drains, and houses in serious conditions. One house was washed off from its foundation and a church lost its roof. There were roof damages in the Presidential Palace also. Approximately 336,000 citizens were left without electricity and tens of thousands required rescue throughout Texas.

2018: Greece Fires

Image by 272447 from Pixabay

Date and Time: 23 July-26 July 2018

Place: Attica

Fatalities: 102

People affected: more than 4,000

Known as the Attica wildfires, a series of wildfires in Greece began in the coastal areas of Attica in July 2018, during the 2018 European heatwave. The Attica wildfires were the second deadliest wildfires event in the 21st century. As per reports, more than 4,000 people were affected by the wildfires. Greece deployed its entire fleet of fire-fighting aircraft and more than600 firefighters, as well as 250 fire engines. Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras declared a state of emergency in Attica announcing a three-day period of national mourning, stating in a televised address, “The country is going through an unspeakable tragedy”.

2018: Lombok Earthquake

Source: pixabay.com

Date and Time: 5 August, 2018; 11:46 UTC

Magnitude: 6.9

Place: Lombok, Bali, Indonesia

Fatalities: 563

Consequences: Tsunami

The epicenter of the Lombok Earthquake was located near Loloan Village in North Lombok Regency. It also caused a tsunami when the fault rupture spread to the north and reached the sea. Strong shaking was also reported on the neighboring islands of Sumbawa and Bali. Reports stated that at least 80% of structures in North Lombok were damaged or destroyed. Lombok and Bali reported widespread damage. Officials reported more than 417,000 people as displaced. This Lombok earthquake was the strongest and the largest earthquake to have hit Lombok in recorded history. The most astonishing factor here is that by 18 August, 664 aftershocks were reported, most of which were below 5.9 magnitude. Throughout Lombok, telecommunications went down and blackouts were reported.

2018: Australian Drought

Image by Free-Photos from Pixabay

Causes: Less rainfall, high temperature, dry winter

Places affected: South Wales, Victoria and South Australia

Rainfall in 2108 was extremely low over the southeastern quarter of the Australian mainland, with much of the region experiencing totals in the lowest 10% of historical observations, and was particularly low over the mainland southeast from April onwards. The year 2018 was Australia’s third-warmest year on record. The year ended with some record-breaking heat events. 2018 ended with a burst of heat over the Christmas-New Year period, with temperatures at least 10 degrees warmer than average across southern South Australia, most of Victoria and southern NSW, leading to Australia’s warmest December on record. New South Wales, an area that produces about a quarter of Australia’s total agricultural output, was declared as 100% in drought. Failing crops, severe water shortages and inability to feed livestock were some miseries of the farmers.

2019: Amazon Fire

Dates: January-October 2019

Burned area: 906,000 hectares

Place: Brazil, Peru, Bolivia, Colombia, Paraguay

Fatalities: 2

Land use: Agricultural Development

During the Amazonian dry season, the 2019 Amazon rainforest wildfires season saw a year-to-year surge in fires occurring in the Amazon biome within Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay, and Peru and Amazon rainforest. Generally, slash-and-burn methods are used to clear the forest to make way for agriculture, logging, livestock, and mining, leading to deforestation of the Amazon rainforest, which becomes a cause behind fires because they are usually done in the dry season. Another cause behind the fires is the effect of climate change and global warming due to unusually long dry season and above-average temperatures around the world throughout 2019. The increased rates of fire counts in 2019 led to international concern about the fate of the Amazon rainforest, which is the world’s largest terrestrial carbon dioxide sink and plays a significant role in mitigating global warming.

2019: Australian Bushfires

Image by 272447 from Pixabay

Dates: June 2019 – ongoing

Burned area: 18,636,079 hectares

Place: Australia (nationwide)

Fatalities: approximately 450

This season of bushfires is also known as the Black Summer which began with several serious uncontrolled fires in June 2019. Hundreds of fires burnt throughout the summer, mainly in the southeast of the country. The causes behind starting the fires were lightning, and alleged arson. Some factors contributed to enhancing the fires. These include droughts, record-breaking heat, global warming, and positive Indian Ocean Dipole. The reports of 9 March, 2020 state that the fires burnt an estimated 18.6 million hectares, destroyed over 5,900 buildings (including 2,779 homes) and killed at least 34 people. Approximately 1 billion animals have been killed and some endangered species may be driven to extinction.

Let us end this article with a poem on NATURE’S ALARM:

God made nature

And humans to nurture

Water from tap

Or from nature’s lap

The whole of it is dirty

Which is not at all worthy

But, we waste it all

And never care about disastrous nature’s call

Nature snoozes alarms

We ignore it with great calms

Tsunamis, floods or earthquakes

God reminds us of nature with several shakes

Forests are cut down

Prove to be nature’s drown

People work as millers

Which work like nature’s killers

You blame others for global warming

First see what you are performing

Droughts or acute water shortage

Increasing simultaneously since Stone Age

No one is to care

As if we are without any fear

Nature needs to be pampered

We keep it as hampered

This topic needs a clutch

Towards it, the public is careless so much.

This article has been published with World Model Hunt magazine. In case if you need publication rights, please reach out to my team at info@bragsocial.com

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